Manual installation and configuration

Synergy version: service 1.5.3, scheduler 2.6.0

OpenStack supported versions: Mitaka, Newton, Ocata

Repository

Install the INDIGO repository.

Install the Synergy packages

On CentOS7:

yum install python-synergy-service python-synergy-scheduler-manager

On Ubuntu:

apt-get install python-synergy-service python-synergy-scheduler-manager

They can be installed in the OpenStack controller node or on another node.

Updating the Synergy packages

The Synergy project makes periodic releases. As a system administrator you can get the latest features and bug fixes by updating Synergy.

This is done using the standard update commands for your OS, as long you have the INDIGO repository set up.

On Ubuntu:

apt-get update
apt-get upgrade

On CentOS:

yum update

Once the update is complete remember to restart the service. Follow the instructions in "Configure and start Synergy" section of this guide to see how to do it.

Setup the Synergy database

Then use the database access client to connect to the database server as the root user:

$ mysql -u root -p

Create the synergy database:

CREATE DATABASE synergy;

Grant proper access to the glance database:

GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON synergy.* TO 'synergy'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY 'SYNERGY_DBPASS';  
flush privileges;

Replace SYNERGY_DBPASS with a suitable password.

Exit the database access client.

Add Synergy as an OpenStack endpoint and service

Source the admin credentials to gain access to admin-only CLI commands:

$ . admin-openrc

Register the Synergy service and endpoint in the Openstack service catalog:

openstack service create --name synergy management
openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne management public http://$SYNERGY_HOST_IP:8051 
openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne management admin http://$SYNERGY_HOST_IP:8051
openstack endpoint create --region RegionOne management internal http://$SYNERGY_HOST_IP:8051

Setup the Nova notifications

Make sure that nova notifications are enabled on the controller and compute node. Edit the /etc/nova/nova.conf file. The following configuration regards the OpenStack Ocata version. In the [notifications] and [oslo_messaging_notifications] sections add the following attributes:

[notifications]
...
notify_on_state_change = vm_state
default_notification_level = INFO

[oslo_messaging_notifications]
...
driver = messaging
topics = notifications

The topics parameter is used by Nova for informing listeners about the state changes of the VMs. In case some other service (e.g. Ceilometer) is listening on the default topic notifications, to avoid the competition on consuming the notifications, please define a new topic specific for Synergy (e.g. topics = notifications,synergy_notifications).

Then restart the Nova services on the Controller and Compute node.

Setup the Keystone notifications

Synergy listens on the Keystone notification topic about the events on projects and users. Please set the keystone.conf as following:

[DEFAULT]
...
notification_format = basic

notification_opt_out=identity.authenticate.success
notification_opt_out=identity.authenticate.pending
notification_opt_out=identity.authenticate.failed

[oslo_messaging_notifications]
...
driver = messaging
topics = notification

Then restart the Keystone service.

Configure Controller to use Synergy

Perform these steps on the controller node. In /etc/nova/ create a nova-api.conf file. Edit /etc/nova/nova-api.conf file and add the following to it:

[conductor]
topic=synergy

The topic must have the same value of the synergy_topic defined in the /etc/synergy/synergy_scheduler.conf file.

Only for Ubuntu 16.04, edit the /etc/init.d/nova-api file and replace

[ "x$USE_LOGFILE" != "xno" ] && DAEMON_ARGS="$DAEMON_ARGS --log-file=$LOGFILE"

with

[ "x$USE_LOGFILE" != "xno" ] && DAEMON_ARGS="$DAEMON_ARGS --config-file /etc/nova/nova-api.conf --log-file=$LOGFILE"

Restart nova-api service to enable your configuration.

On the node where it is installed RabbitMQ, run the following command to check whether your configuration is correct:

# rabbitmqctl list_queues | grep synergy
synergy_fanout_1e30d613c19142ec8ce452292042c35c    0
synergy    0
synergy.192.168.60.231    0

The output of the command should show something similar.

Configure and start Synergy

Configure the Synergy service, as explained in the following section.

Then start and enable the Synergy service.
On CentOS:

systemctl start synergy
systemctl enable synergy

On Ubuntu:

service synergy start

The Synergy configuration file

Synergy must be configured properly by filling the synergy.conf and synergy_scheduler.conf configuration files in /etc/synergy/. To apply the changes of any configuration parameter, the Synergy service must be restarted.

This is an example of the synergy.conf configuration file:

[DEFAULT]


[Logger]
# set the logging file name
filename = /var/log/synergy/synergy.log

# set the logging level. Valid values are: CRITICAL, ERROR, WARNING, INFO, DEBUG, NOTSET.
level = INFO

# set the format of the logged messages
formatter = "%(asctime)s - %(name)s - %(levelname)s - %(message)s"

# set the max file size
maxBytes = 1048576

# set the logging rotation threshold
backupCount = 100 


[WSGI]
# set the Synergy hostname
host = SYNERGY_HOST

# set the WSGI port (default: 8051)
port = 8051

# set the number of threads
threads = 2

# set the SSL
use_ssl = False
#ssl_ca_file =  
#ssl_cert_file = 
#ssl_key_file = 
max_header_line = 16384
retry_until_window = 30
tcp_keepidle = 600
backlog = 4096

[Authorization]
# set the authorization plugin (default: synergy.auth.plugin.LocalHostAuthorization)
plugin = synergy_scheduler_manager.auth.plugin.KeystoneAuthorization
policy_file = /etc/synergy/policy.json

The following describes the meaning of the attributes of the synergy.conf file, for each possible section:

Section [Logger]

Attribute Description
filename the name of the log file
level the logging level. Valid values are: CRITICAL, ERROR, WARNING, INFO, DEBUG, NOTSET
formatter the format of the logged messages
maxBytes the maximum size of a log file. When this size is reached, the log file is rotated
backupCount the number of log files to be kept

Section [WSGI]

Attribute Description
host the hostname where the Synergy service is deployed
port the port used by the Synergy service
threads the number of threads used by the Synergy service
use ssl specify if the service is secured through SSL
ssl_ca_file the CA certificate file to use to verify connecting clients
ssl_cert_file the Identifying certificate PEM file to present to clients
ssl_key_file the Private key PEM file used to sign cert_file certificate
max_header_line the maximum size of message headers to be accepted (default: 16384)
retry_until_window the number of seconds to keep retrying for listening (default: 30sec)
tcp_keepidle the value of TCP_KEEPIDLE in seconds for each server socket
backlog the number of backlog requests to configure the socket with (default: 4096). The listen backlog is a socket setting specifying that the kernel how to limit the number of outstanding (i.e. not yet accepted) connections in the listen queue of a listening socket. If the number of pending connections exceeds the specified size, new ones are automatically rejected

Section [Authorization]

Attribute Description
plugin Synergy has security mechanism highly configurable. The security policies are pluggable so that it is possible to define any kind of authorization checks. The simplest authorization plugin is synergy.auth.plugin.LocalHostAuthorization which denies any command coming from clients having IP address different from the Synergy's one. A more advanced security policies can be defined by using the synergy_scheduler_manager.auth.plugin.KeystoneAuthorization plugin based on the policy.json
policy_file set the policy.json file used by the synergy_scheduler_manager.auth.plugin.KeystoneAuthorization plugin

This example shows how to configure the synergy_scheduler.conf file:

[DEFAULT]

[SchedulerManager]
autostart = True

# set the manager rate (minutes)
rate = 1

# set the max depth used by the backfilling strategy (default: 100)
# this allows Synergy to not check the whole queue when looking for VMs to start
backfill_depth = 100


[FairShareManager]
autostart = True

# set the manager rate (minutes)
rate = 2

# set the period size (default: 7 days)
period_length = 7

# set num of periods (default: 3)
periods = 3

# set the default share value (default: 10)
default_share = 10

# set the dacay weight, float value [0,1] (default: 0.5)
decay_weight = 0.5

# set the vcpus weight (default: 100)
vcpus_weight = 50

# set the age weight (default: 10)
age_weight = 10

# set the memory weight (default: 70)
memory_weight = 70


[KeystoneManager]
autostart = True

# set the manager rate (minutes)
rate = 5

# set the Keystone url (v3 only)
auth_url = http://CONTROLLER_HOST:5000/v3

# set the name of user with admin role
#username =

# set the password of user with admin role
#password =

# set the project name to request authorization on
#project_name =

# set the project id to request authorization on
#project_id =

# set the http connection timeout (default: 60)
timeout = 60

# set the user domain name (default: default)
user_domain_name = default

# set the project domain name (default: default)
project_domain_name = default

# set the clock skew. This forces the request for token, a
# delta time before the token expiration (default: 60 sec)
clock_skew = 60

# set the PEM encoded Certificate Authority to use when verifying HTTPs connections
#ssl_ca_file =

# set the SSL client certificate (PEM encoded)
#ssl_cert_file =

# set the AMQP server url (e.g. rabbit://RABBIT_USER:RABBIT_PASS@RABBIT_HOST_IP)
#amqp_url =

# set the AMQP exchange (default: keystone)
amqp_exchange = keystone

# set the AMQP notification topic (default: notification)
amqp_topic = notification


[NovaManager]
autostart = True

# set the manager rate (minutes)
rate = 5

#set the http connection timeout (default: 60)
timeout = 60

# the amqp transport url
# amqp_url =

# set the AMQP backend type (e.g. rabbit, qpid)
#amqp_backend =

# set the AMQP HA cluster host:port pairs
#amqp_hosts =

# set the AMQP broker address where a single node is used (default: localhost)
amqp_host = localhost

# set the AMQP broker port where a single node is used
amqp_port = 5672

# set the AMQP user
#amqp_user =

# set the AMQP user password
#amqp_password =

# set the AMQP virtual host (default: /)
amqp_virtual_host = /

# set the Nova host (default: localhost)
host = CONTROLLER_HOST

# set the Synery topic as defined in nova-api.conf file (default: synergy)
synergy_topic = synergy

# set the Nova conductor topic (default: conductor)
conductor_topic = conductor

# set the Nova compute topic (default: compute)
compute_topic = compute

# set the Nova scheduler topic (default: scheduler)
scheduler_topic = scheduler

# set the notification topic used by Nova for informing listeners about the state
# changes of the VMs. In case some other service (e.g. Ceilometer) is listening
# on the default Nova topic (i.e. "notifications"), please define a new topic
specific for Synergy (e.g. notification_topics = notifications,synergy_notifications)
notification_topic = notification

# set the Nova database connection
db_connection = DIALECT+DRIVER://USER:PASSWORD@DB_HOST/nova

# set the Nova CPU allocation ratio (default: 16)
cpu_allocation_ratio = 16

# set the Nova RAM allocation ratio (default: 1.5)
ram_allocation_ratio = 1.5

# set the Nova metadata_proxy_shared_secret
#metadata_proxy_shared_secret =

# set the PEM encoded Certificate Authority to use when verifying HTTPs connections
#ssl_ca_file =

# set the SSL client certificate (PEM encoded)
#ssl_cert_file = 


[QueueManager]
autostart = True

# set the manager rate (minutes)
rate = 60

# set the Synergy database connection:
db_connection = DIALECT+DRIVER://USER:PASSWORD@DB_HOST/synergy

# set the connection pool size (default: 10)
db_pool_size = 10

# set the number of seconds after which a connection is automatically
# recycled (default: 30)
db_pool_recycle = 30

# set the max overflow (default: 5)
db_max_overflow = 5


[QuotaManager]
autostart = True

# set the manager rate (minutes)
rate = 5


[ProjectManager]
autostart = True

# set the manager rate (minutes)
rate = 60

# set the Synergy database connection:
db_connection = DIALECT+DRIVER://USER:PASSWORD@DB_HOST/synergy

# set the connection pool size (default: 10)
db_pool_size = 10

# set the number of seconds after which a connection is automatically
# recycled (default: 30)
db_pool_recycle = 30

# set the max overflow (default: 5)
db_max_overflow = 5

# set the default max time to live (minutes) for VM/Container (default: 2880)
default_TTL = 2880

# set the default share value (default: 10)
default_share = 10

Attributes and their meanings are described in the following tables:

Section [SchedulerManager]

Attribute Description
autostart specifies if the SchedulerManager manager should be started when Synergy starts
rate the time (in minutes) between two executions of the task implementing this manager
backfill_depth the integer value expresses the max depth used by the backfilling strategy: this allows Synergy to not check the whole queue when looking for VMs to start (default: 100)

Section [FairShareManager]

Attribute Description
autostart specifies if the FairShare manager should be started when Synergy starts
rate the time (in minutes) between two executions of the task implementing this manager
period_length The time window considered for resource usage by the fair-share algorithm used by Synergy is split in periods having all the same length, and the most recent periods are given a higher weight. This attribute specifies the length, in days, of a single period (default: 7)
periods the time window considered for resource usage by the fairshare algoritm used by Synergy is split in periods having all the same length, and the most recent periods are given a higher weight. This attribue specifies the number of periods to be considered (default: 3)
default_share specifies the default to be used for a project, if not specified in the shares attribute of the SchedulerManager section (default: 10)
decay_weight value between 0 and 1, used by the fairshare scheduler, to define how oldest periods should be given a less weight wrt resource usage (default: 0.5)
vcpus_weight the weight to be used for the attribute concerning vcpus usage in the fairshare algorithm used by Synergy (default: 100)
age_weight this attribute defines how oldest requests (and therefore with low priority) should have their priority increased so thay cam be eventaully served (default: 10)
memory_weight the weight to be used for the attribute concerning memory usage in the fairshare algorithm used by Synergy (default: 70)

Section [KeystoneManager]

Attribute Description
autostart specifies if the Keystone manager should be started when Synergy starts
rate the time (in minutes) between two executions of the task implementing this manage
auth_url the URL of the OpenStack identity service. Please note that the v3 API endpoint must be used
username the name of the user with admin role
password the password of the specified user with admin role
project_id the project id to request authorization on
project_name the project name to request authorization on
user_domain_name the user domain name (default: "default")
project_domain_name the project domain name (default: "default")
timeout the http connection timeout (default: 60)
clock_skew force the request for token, a delta time before the token expiration (default: 60 sec)
ssl_ca_file set the PEM encoded Certificate Authority to use when verifying HTTPs connections
ssl_cert_file set the SSL client certificate (PEM encoded)
amqp_url set the AMQP server url (e.g. rabbit://RABBIT_USER:RABBIT_PASS@RABBIT_HOST_IP)
amqp_exchange set the AMQP exchange (default: keystone)
amqp_topic set the AMQP notification topic on which Keystone communicates with Synergy. It must have the same value of the topic defined in keystone.conf file (e.g. topics = notification) (default: notification)

Section [NovaManager]

Attribute Description
autostart specifies if the nova manager should be started when Synergy starts
rate the time (in minutes) between two executions of the task implementing this manager
host the hostname where the nova-conductor service runs (default: localhost)
timeout the http connection timeout (default: 60)
amqp_url the amqp transport url
amqp_backend the AMQP backend tpye (rabbit or qpid)
amqp_hosts the AMQP HA cluster host:port pairs
amqp_host the server where the AMQP service runs (default: localhost)
amqp_port the port used by the AMQP service
amqp_user the AMQP userid
amqp_password the password of the AMQP user
amqp_virtual_host the AMQP virtual host
synergy_topic the topic on which Nova API communicates with Synergy. It must have the same value of the topic defined in nova-api.conf file (default: synergy)
conductor_topic the topic on which conductor nodes listen on (default: conductor)
compute_topic the topic on which compute nodes listen on (default: compute)
scheduler_topic the topic on which scheduler nodes listen on (default: scheduler)
notification_topic the notification topic used by Nova for informing listeners about the state changes of the VMs. In case some other service (e.g. Ceilometer) is listening on the default Nova topic (i.e. "notifications"), please define a new topic specific for Synergy (e.g. notification_topics = notifications,synergy_notifications)
cpu_allocation_ratio the Nova CPU allocation ratio (default: 16)
ram_allocation_ratio the Nova RAM allocation ratio (default: 1.5)
metadata_proxy_shared_secret the Nova metadata_proxy_shared_secret
db_connection the SQLAlchemy connection string to use to connect to the Nova database
ssl_ca_file set the PEM encoded Certificate Authority to use when verifying HTTPs connections
ssl_cert_file set the SSL client certificate (PEM encoded)

Section [QueueManager]

Attribute Description
autostart specifies if the Queue manager should be started when Synergy starts
rate the time (in minutes) between two executions of the task implementing this manager
db_connection the SQLAlchemy connection string to use to connect to the Synergy database
db_pool_size the number of SQL connections to be kept open (default: 10)
db_pool_recycle the number of seconds after which a connection is automatically recycled (default: 30)
db_max_overflow the max overflow with SQLAlchemy (default: 5)

Section [QuotaManager]

Attribute Description
autostart Specifies if the Quota manager should be started when Synergy starts
rate The time (in minutes) between two executions of the task implementing this manager

Section [ProjectManager]

Attribute Description
autostart Specifies if the Quota manager should be started when Synergy starts
rate The time (in minutes) between two executions of the task implementing this manager
db_connection the SQLAlchemy connection string to use to connect to the Synergy database
db_pool_size the number of SQL connections to be kept open (default: 10)
db_pool_recycle the number of seconds after which a connection is automatically recycled (default: 30)
db_max_overflow the max overflow with SQLAlchemy (default: 5)
default_TTL set the default max time to live (minutes) for VM/Container (default: 2880)
default_share set the default share value (default: 10)

Installation and configuration using puppet

We provide a Puppet module for Synergy so users can install and configure Synergy with Puppet.
The module provides both the synergy-service and synergy-scheduler-manager components.

The module is available on the Puppet Forge : vll/synergy.

Install the puppet module with:

puppet module install vll-synergy

Usage example:

class { 'synergy':
  synergy_db_url          => 'mysql://synergy:test@localhost/synergy',
  synergy_project_shares  => {'A' => 70, 'B' => 30 },
  keystone_url            => 'https://example.com',
  keystone_admin_user     => 'admin',
  keystone_admin_password => 'the keystone password',
  nova_url                => 'https://example.com',
  nova_db_url             => 'mysql://nova:test@localhost/nova',
  amqp_backend            => 'rabbit',
  amqp_host               => 'localhost',
  amqp_port               => 5672,
  amqp_user               => 'openstack',
  amqp_password           => 'the amqp password',
  amqp_virtual_host       => '/',
}

The Synergy command line interface

The Synergy service provides a command-line client, called synergy, which allows the Cloud administrator to control and monitor the Synergy service.

Before running the Synergy client command, you must create and source the admin-openrc.sh file to set the relevant environment variables. This is the same script used to run the OpenStack command line tools.

Note that the OS_AUTH_URL variables must refer to the v3 version of the keystone API, e.g.:

export OS_AUTH_URL=https://cloud-areapd.pd.infn.it:35357/v3

$ synergy usage

# synergy --help
usage: synergy [-h] [--version] [--debug] [--os-username <auth-user-name>]
               [--os-password <auth-password>]
               [--os-user-domain-id <auth-user-domain-id>]
               [--os-user-domain-name <auth-user-domain-name>]
               [--os-project-name <auth-project-name>]
               [--os-project-id <auth-project-id>]
               [--os-project-domain-id <auth-project-domain-id>]
               [--os-project-domain-name <auth-project-domain-name>]
               [--os-auth-url <auth-url>] [--bypass-url <bypass-url>]
               [--os-cacert <ca-certificate>]
               {manager,project,user} ...

positional arguments:
  {manager,project,user}
                        commands

optional arguments:
  -h, --help            show this help message and exit
  --version             show program's version number and exit
  --debug               print debugging output
  --os-username <auth-user-name>
                        defaults to env[OS_USERNAME]
  --os-password <auth-password>
                        defaults to env[OS_PASSWORD]
  --os-user-domain-id <auth-user-domain-id>
                        defaults to env[OS_USER_DOMAIN_ID]
  --os-user-domain-name <auth-user-domain-name>
                        defaults to env[OS_USER_DOMAIN_NAME]
  --os-project-name <auth-project-name>
                        defaults to env[OS_PROJECT_NAME]
  --os-project-id <auth-project-id>
                        defaults to env[OS_PROJECT_ID]
  --os-project-domain-id <auth-project-domain-id>
                        defaults to env[OS_PROJECT_DOMAIN_ID]
  --os-project-domain-name <auth-project-domain-name>
                        defaults to env[OS_PROJECT_DOMAIN_NAME]
  --os-auth-url <auth-url>
                        defaults to env[OS_AUTH_URL]
  --bypass-url <bypass-url>
                        use this API endpoint instead of the Service Catalog
  --os-cacert <ca-certificate>
                        Specify a CA bundle file to use in verifying a TLS
                        (https) server certificate. Defaults to env[OS_CACERT]

Command-line interface to the OpenStack Synergy API.

The synergy optional arguments:

-h, --help

Show help message and exit

--version

Show program’s version number and exit

--debug

Show debugging information

--os-username <auth-user-name>

Username to login with. Defaults to env[OS_USERNAME]

--os-password <auth-password>

Password to use.Defaults to env[OS_PASSWORD]

--os-project-name <auth-project-name>

Project name to scope to. Defaults to env:[OS_PROJECT_NAME]

--os-project-id <auth-project-id>

Id of the project to scope to. Defaults to env[OS_PROJECT_ID]

--os-project-domain-id <auth-project-domain-id>

Specify the project domain id. Defaults to env[OS_PROJECT_DOMAIN_ID]

--os-project-domain-name <auth-project-domain-name>

Specify the project domain name. Defaults to env[OS_PROJECT_DOMAIN_NAME]

--os-user-domain-id <auth-user-domain-id>

Specify the user domain id. Defaults to env[OS_USER_DOMAIN_ID]

--os-user-domain-name <auth-user-domain-name>

Specify the user domain name. Defaults to env[OS_USER_DOMAIN_NAME]

--os-auth-url <auth-url>

The URL of the Identity endpoint. Defaults to env[OS_AUTH_URL]

--bypass-url <bypass-url>

Use this API endpoint instead of the Service Catalog

--os-cacert <ca-bundle-file>

Specify a CA certificate bundle file to use in verifying a TLS
(https) server certificate. Defaults to env[OS_CACERT]

$ synergy manager

This command allows to get information about the managers deployed in the Synergy service and control their execution:

# synergy manager --help
usage: synergy manager [-h] {list,status,start,stop} ...

positional arguments:
  {list,status,start,stop}
    list                list the managers
    status              show the managers status
    start               start the manager
    stop                stop the manager

optional arguments:
  -h, --help            show this help message and exit

The command synergy manager list provides the list of all managers deployed in the Synergy service:

# synergy manager list
╒══════════════════╕
│ manager          │
╞══════════════════╡
│ QuotaManager     │
├──────────────────┤
│ NovaManager      │
├──────────────────┤
│ FairShareManager │
├──────────────────┤
│ TimerManager     │
├──────────────────┤
│ QueueManager     │
├──────────────────┤
│ KeystoneManager  │
├──────────────────┤
│ ProjectManager   │
├──────────────────┤
│ SchedulerManager │
╘══════════════════╛

To get the status about managers, use:

# synergy manager status
╒══════════════════╤══════════╤══════════════╕
│ manager          │ status   │   rate (min) │
╞══════════════════╪══════════╪══════════════╡
│ QuotaManager     │ RUNNING  │            2 │
├──────────────────┼──────────┼──────────────┤
│ NovaManager      │ RUNNING  │            5 │
├──────────────────┼──────────┼──────────────┤
│ FairShareManager │ RUNNING  │            2 │
├──────────────────┼──────────┼──────────────┤
│ TimerManager     │ ACTIVE   │           60 │
├──────────────────┼──────────┼──────────────┤
│ QueueManager     │ RUNNING  │           60 │
├──────────────────┼──────────┼──────────────┤
│ KeystoneManager  │ RUNNING  │            5 │
├──────────────────┼──────────┼──────────────┤
│ ProjectManager   │ RUNNING  │           60 │
├──────────────────┼──────────┼──────────────┤
│ SchedulerManager │ RUNNING  │            1 │
╘══════════════════╧══════════╧══════════════╛


# synergy manager status TimerManager
╒══════════════╤══════════╤══════════════╕
│ manager      │ status   │   rate (min) │
╞══════════════╪══════════╪══════════════╡
│ TimerManager │ ACTIVE   │           60 │
╘══════════════╧══════════╧══════════════╛

To control the execution of a specific manager, use the start and stop sub-commands:

# synergy manager start TimerManager
╒══════════════╤════════════════════════════════╤══════════════╕
│ manager      │ status                         │   rate (min) │
╞══════════════╪════════════════════════════════╪══════════════╡
│ TimerManager │ RUNNING (started successfully) │           60 │
╘══════════════╧════════════════════════════════╧══════════════╛

# synergy manager stop TimerManager
╒══════════════╤═══════════════════════════════╤══════════════╕
│ manager      │ status                        │   rate (min) │
╞══════════════╪═══════════════════════════════╪══════════════╡
│ TimerManager │ ACTIVE (stopped successfully) │           60 │
╘══════════════╧═══════════════════════════════╧══════════════╛

$ synergy project

This command allows to manage the projects in Synergy:

# synergy project --help
usage: synergy project [-h] {list,show,add,remove,set} ...

positional arguments:
  {list,show,add,remove,set}
    list                shows the projects list
    show                shows the project info
    add                 adds a new project
    remove              removes a project
    set                 sets the project values

optional arguments:
  -h, --help            show this help message and exit

To show all options related to each project command, use the --help argument, for example:

# synergy project add -h
usage: synergy project add [-h] (-i <id> | -n <name>) [-s <share>] [-t <TTL>]

optional arguments:
  -h, --help            show this help message and exit
  -i <id>, --id <id>
  -n <name>, --name <name>
  -s <share>, --share <share>
  -t <TTL>, --ttl <TTL>

The following examples show how to use the project sub-commands (list, add, set, show, remove):

# synergy project list
╒════════╕
│ name   │
╞════════╡
│ prj_a  │
├────────┤
│ prj_b  │
├────────┤
│ prj_c  │
╘════════╛

 # synergy project add --name prj_a --share 30 --ttl 5000
╒════════╤═════════════════╤═══════╕
│ name   │ share           │   TTL │
╞════════╪═════════════════╪═══════╡
│ prj_a  │ 30.00% | 27.27% │  5000 │
╘════════╧═════════════════╧═══════╛

# synergy project set --name prj_a --share 10 --ttl 3500

# synergy project show --name prj_a --share --ttl
╒════════╤═════════════════╤═══════╕
│ name   │ share           │   TTL │
╞════════╪═════════════════╪═══════╡
│ prj_a  │ 10.00% | 11.11% │  3500 │
╘════════╧═════════════════╧═══════╛

# synergy project remove --name prj_a

# synergy project list
╒════════╕
│ name   │
╞════════╡
│ prj_b  │
├────────┤
│ prj_c  │
╘════════╛

N.B. the values concerning the share attribute will be explained in the next section

$ synergy user

This command allows to get information about the users belonging to a project managed by Synergy:

# synergy user --help
usage: synergy user [-h] {show} ...

positional arguments:
  {show}
    show      shows the user info


# synergy user show --help
usage: synergy user show [-h] (-i <id> | -n <name> | -a) (-j <id> | -m <name>)
                         [-s] [-u] [-p] [-l]

optional arguments:
  -h, --help            show this help message and exit
  -i <id>, --id <id>
  -n <name>, --name <name>
  -a, --all
  -j <id>, --prj_id <id>
  -m <name>, --prj_name <name>
  -s, --share
  -u, --usage
  -p, --priority
  -l, --long

 # synergy user show --all --prj_name prj_a
╒═════════╕
│ name    │
╞═════════╡
│ user_a2 │
├─────────┤
│ user_a1 │
╘═════════╛

# synergy user show --all --prj_name prj_a --share --usage --priority
╒═════════╤═════════╤═════════════════════════════╤════════════╕
│ name    │ share   │ usage                       │   priority │
╞═════════╪═════════╪═════════════════════════════╪════════════╡
│ user_a1 │ 12.50%  │ vcpus: 10.00% | ram: 10.00% │         80 │
├─────────┼─────────┼─────────────────────────────┼────────────┤
│ user_a2 │ 12.50%  │ vcpus: 33.00% | ram: 33.00% │         50 │
╘═════════╧═════════╧═════════════════════════════╧════════════╛

The quota concept

The overall cloud resources can be grouped in:

  • private quota: composed of resources statically allocated and managed using the 'standard' OpenStack policies
  • shared quota: composed of resources non statically allocated and fairly distributed among users by Synergy

The size of the shared quota is calculated as the difference between the total amount of cloud resources (considering also the over-commitment ratios) and the total resources allocated to the private quotas. Therefore for all projects it is necessary to specify the proper quota for instances, VCPUs and RAM so that their total is less than the total amount of cloud resources.

Since Synergy is installed, the private quota of projects cannot be managed anymore by using the Horizon dashboard, but only via command line tools using the following OpenStack command:

# openstack quota set --cores <num_vcpus> --ram <memory_size> --instances <max_num_instances> --class <project_id>

The private and shared quotas will be updated from Synergy after a few minutes without restart it. This example shows how the private quota of the project _prj_a (id=_a5ccbaf2a9da407484de2af881198eb9) has been modified:

# synergy project show --name prj_a --p_quota --s_quota
╒════════╤═══════════════════════════════════════╤═════════════════════════════════════════╕
│ name   │ private quota                         │ shared quota                            │
╞════════╪═══════════════════════════════════════╪═════════════════════════════════════════╡
│ prj_a  │ vcpus: 0.0 of 1.0 | ram: 0.0 of 512.0 │ vcpus: 0.0 of 8.0 | ram: 0.0 of 10740.0 │
╘════════╧═══════════════════════════════════════╧═════════════════════════════════════════╛

# openstack quota set --cores 2 --ram 1024 --instances 10 --class a5ccbaf2a9da407484de2af881198eb9

# synergy project show --name prj_a --p_quota --s_quota
╒════════╤════════════════════════════════════════╤════════════════════════════════════════════╕
│ name   │ private quota                          │ shared quota                               │
╞════════╪════════════════════════════════════════╪════════════════════════════════════════════╡
│ prj_a  │ vcpus: 0.0 of 2.0 | ram: 0.0 of 1024.0 │ vcpus: 2.0 of 7.0 | ram: 1024.0 of 10228.0 │
╘════════╧════════════════════════════════════════╧════════════════════════════════════════════╛

In this example the total amount of VCPUs allocated to the shared quota is 7 whereof have been used just 2 CPUs (similarly to the memory number). The private quota of the prja project have 2 VCPUS and 1024MB of RAM but if you check that quota by OpenStack CLI (or Horizon dashboard), you will notice that values of the _cores, ram attributes have been changed and set to -1 (i.e. unlimited). This means that Synergy is managing such resources rightly.

# openstack quota show prj_a
+----------------------+----------------------------------+
| Field                | Value                            |
+----------------------+----------------------------------+
| cores                | -1                               |
| ram                  | -1                               |
| instances            | -1                               |
| floating-ips         | 50                               |
| health_monitors      | None                             |
| injected-file-size   | 10240                            |
| injected-files       | 5                                |
| injected-path-size   | 255                              |
| key-pairs            | 100                              |
| l7_policies          | None                             |
| listeners            | None                             |
| ...                  | ....                             |
+----------------------+----------------------------------+

To know how many resources each project is consuming, use:

# synergy project show --all --p_quota --s_quota
╒════════╤══════════════════════════════════════════╤════════════════════════════════════════════╕
│ name   │ private quota                            │ shared quota                               │
╞════════╪══════════════════════════════════════════╪════════════════════════════════════════════╡
│ prj_a  │ vcpus: 0.0 of 3.0 | ram: 0.0 of 2048.0   │ vcpus: 2.0 of 7.0 | ram: 1024.0 of 10228.0 │
├────────┼──────────────────────────────────────────┼────────────────────────────────────────────┤
│ prj_b  │ vcpus: 1.0 of 2.0 | ram: 512.0 of 1024.0 │ vcpus: 0.0 of 7.0 | ram: 0.0 of 10228.0    │
╘════════╧══════════════════════════════════════════╧════════════════════════════════════════════╛

In this example the project prj_a is consuming just the shared quota (2 VCPUs and 1024MB of memory) while the prj_b is currently consuming just resources of its private quota (1 VCPU and 512MB of memory) while the shared quota is not used. Whenever the shared quota is saturated, all new requests for resources consuming are not rejected (as in standard OpenStack mode), but will be inserted into a persistent priority queue and processed as soon as some resources are again available.

# synergy project show --all --p_quota --s_quota --queue
╒════════╤════════════════════════════════════════╤════════════════════════════════════════════╤══════════════╕
│ name   │ private quota                          │ shared quota                               │ queue usage  │
╞════════╪════════════════════════════════════════╪════════════════════════════════════════════╪══════════════╡
│ prj_b  │ vcpus: 0.0 of 3.0 | ram: 0.0 of 2048.0 │ vcpus: 5.0 of 7.0 | ram: 2560.0 of 10228.0 │ 50 (25.00%)  │
├────────┼────────────────────────────────────────┼────────────────────────────────────────────┼──────────────┤
│ prj_a  │ vcpus: 0.0 of 2.0 | ram: 0.0 of 1024.0 │ vcpus: 2.0 of 7.0 | ram: 1024.0 of 10228.0 │ 150 (75.00%) │
╘════════╧════════════════════════════════════════╧════════════════════════════════════════════╧══════════════╛

The above table shows that the prj_a has 50 requests enqueued which corresponds to 25% of total queue usage. Analogously, the prj_b uses the 75%.

To get information about the usage of shared resources at project use:

# synergy project show --all --usage --share
╒════════╤═════════════════════════════╤═════════════════╕
│ name   │ usage                       │ share           │
╞════════╪═════════════════════════════╪═════════════════╡
│ prj_a  │ vcpus: 74.76% | ram: 74.76% │ 10.00% | 25.00% │
├────────┼─────────────────────────────┼─────────────────┤
│ prj_b  │ vcpus: 25.34% | ram: 25.34% │ 30.00% | 75.00% │
╘════════╧═════════════════════════════╧═════════════════╛

In this case prj_a is consuming the 74.76% of resources (VCPUS and memory), while prj_b the 25.34%. The share values defined by the Cloud administrator are 10% and 30% respectivly. The table shows even the normalized values of the shares (25% and 75%). The user usage can be retrieved as following:

# synergy user show --all --prj_name prj_a --usage --share --priority
╒═════════╤═════════╤═════════════════════════════╤════════════╕
│ name    │ share   │ usage                       │   priority │
╞═════════╪═════════╪═════════════════════════════╪════════════╡
│ user_a1 │ 15.00%  │ vcpus: 25.34% | ram: 25.34% │      35.71 │
├─────────┼─────────┼─────────────────────────────┼────────────┤
│ user_a2 │ 15.00%  │ vcpus: 0.00% | ram: 0.00%   │      55.68 │
╘═════════╧═════════╧═════════════════════════════╧════════════╛

# synergy user show --all --prj_name prj_b --usage --share --priority
╒═════════╤═════════╤═════════════════════════════╤════════════╕
│ name    │ share   │ usage                       │   priority │
╞═════════╪═════════╪═════════════════════════════╪════════════╡
│ user_b1 │ 35.00%  │ vcpus: 29.71% | ram: 29.71% │      31.00 │
├─────────┼─────────┼─────────────────────────────┼────────────┤
│ user_b2 │ 35.00%  │ vcpus: 44.95% | ram: 44.95% │      28.75 │
╘═════════╧═════════╧═════════════════════════════╧════════════╛

This example shows the usage and priority of all users. The main factors which affect the priority value are the project and user shares and their historical resource usage. The user requests having a higher the priority value will be executed first.

Open Ports

To interact with Synergy using the client tool, just one port needs to be open.
This is the port defined in the Synergy configuration file (attribute port in the [WSGI] section). The default value is 8051.

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